Patu is a weapon used by Māori warriors to attack the enemy and to protect the whānau. In this new era our Māori whānau need protection from a different enemy that our tūpuna never faced, obesity and diabetes. The name Patu was developed from the acronym HIT or High Intense Training being the exercise programme used in classes. Using the word Patu gave it a Māori appeal encompassing tradition and customs, as well as a wero or challenge for Māori to take up the fight against the new enemy.
The programme incorporates Māori language and tikanga or customs. Many of our training sessions relate to Māori atua. We have found that targeting a specific population gets the best out of everyone. Working together as a group is so much more motivating than working out individually particularly for Māori as we are all here for the same kaupapa or reason. A lot of this group collaboration stems back to our Māori concept of whānaungatanga and carried through to our New
Zealand sporting culture. The success of New Zealand sporting teams is built on team culture, and if we can instill in our clients the benefits of having a great team culture then these guys will achieve the ultimate prize, living a healthy and active lifestyle.
Māori and Pacific Health Status
Cardiovascular disease (heart, stroke and blood vessel disease) is the leading cause of death in New Zealand, accounting for 40% of deaths annually and is preventable (Hay 2004). Obesity is a risk factor for a number of diseases including coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis and some cancers. One in four adults aged 15 years and over are obese in New Zealand. 44.7% of Maori are obese and 57.9% of Pacific adults are obese (Ministry of Health New Zealand 2012). There has been an increase in obesity in males from 17.0% in 1997 to 27.7% in 2008/09.
There has also been an increase in obesity in females from 20.6% in 1997 to 27.8% in 2008/09.
High Intensity Training
High intense training is the ability for someone to perform an exercise at a high work rate with a sufficient amount of rest. Each exercise is aimed to target each muscle group. Workouts normally last between 20-40 minutes. This form of training consists of circuit training, body weighted exercises, interval training and the aim is to elevate the heart rate into a abnormal zone.
High Intense Training (HIT) generally refers to repeated sessions of relatively brief intermittent exercise performed with an all out effort normally 90% of V02 max. A single effort can last from a few seconds up to several minutes, with multiple
efforts separated by up to a few minutes of rest (Gibala and McGee 2008). Many studies have shown that sufficient amount of high intensity interval training (HIT) performed for at least 6 weeks increases peak oxygen uptake and maximal activity of mitochondrial enzymes in skeletal muscle (Laursen and Jenkins 2002) which in turn can help with metabolism efficiency. A (Wisloff, Stoylen et al. 2007) study demonstrates that high-intensity training relative to the individual’s maximal oxygen uptake is feasible even in elderly patients with chronic heart failure and severely impaired cardiovascular function. It also has an impact on improving aerobic capacity, endothelial function, and quality of life in patients with post infarction heart